We’re all about efficient waste management – that means making sure that all rubbish and waste goes to the best place it can for the welfare of the environment.
With the world having limited space to offer up for landfill sites, recycling and composting have become more and more popular in the modern day. Why? Because they reduce the volume of rubbish that need disposal in these landfill sites, and save you money by producing rich soil that you can use on your own garden.
What is composting?
Composting is a natural process of recycling decomposed organic material, turning it into rich soil (compost) which can be particularly handy for any keen gardeners out there.
Not only can we do it ourselves from the comfort of our back garden, but this way, the composting process will be accelerated, bringing you nutrient-rich soil for your garden and your plants in far quicker time.
What should you compost?
So, what do you put in your compost pile to make compost? What is this ‘organic material’ we speak of? Well, it’s all that garden waste like leaves, weeds, and grass clippings, as well as certain scraps and waste from your kitchen too. Fruit and vegetable scraps and peel, coffee grounds, teabags and egg shells can all be composted, for example.
With that long list, it may come as no surprise to learn that garden and food waste make up a significant amount of what we throw away as a population. This is why it doesn’t make sense for us to use up resources to get rid of it all, when we simply don’t need to!
What is surprising is just how useful these old scraps and leftovers can be to you, as well as the environment. If you get your compost right – by putting in the good stuff and avoiding the bad – you can get a finished product of dark-brown crumbly soil that your garden and plants will thrive off.
How to make your own compost heap
Have we convinced you? We thought we might, so we’re going to go through how you can make your own compost heap to help you on your way to saving the environment bit by bit!
- First up, buy a compost bin or build one yourself. Try and make sure that your compost pile will be enclosed to keep away any critters and hold the heat and moisture in, as well as look neat and tidy in your garden too.
- If you live in a city or urban area, it will be necessary for you to have secure flooring and covering beneath it and on top of it, as well as no wide openings.
- Set up your bin in shaded area that is convenient to you, and somewhere with good drainage to improve the quality of the compost.
- For the best quality finished product, you want to make sure your compost has a good balance of ‘green’ and ‘brown’ materials, and give it a good airing. One top tip to keep your compost healthy is to layer it, and add scrunched up pieces of cardboard to create air pockets.
- You’ll know your compost is ready when you have a dark-brown, almost black, soil that has a sponge-like texture. This shows it is rich in nutrients, and ready to spread over your flowerbeds!